A claw toe is a toe that is contracted at the PIP and DIP joints (middle and end joints in the toe), and can lead to severe pressure
and pain. Ligaments and tendons that have tightened cause the toe's joints to curl downwards. Claw toes may occur in any toe,
except the big toe. There is often discomfort at the top part of the tow that is rubbing against the shoe and at the end of the toe that
is pressed against the bottom of the shoe.
Claw toes are classified based on the mobility of the toe joints. There are two types - flexible and rigid. In a flexible claw toe, the
joint has the ability to move. This type of claw
A rigid claw toe does not have that same ability to move. Movement is very limited and can be extremely painful. This sometimes
causes foot movement to become restricted leading to extra stress at the ball-of-the-foot, and possibly causing pain and the
development of corns and calluses.
Claw toes result from a muscle imbalance which causes the ligaments and tendons to become unnaturally tight. This results in
the joints curling downwards. Arthritis
can also lead to many different forefoot deformities, including claw toes.
Treatment and Prevention:
Changing the type of footwear worn is a very important step in the treatment of claw toes. When choosing a shoe, make sure the
toe box (toe area) is high and broad, and can accommodate the claw toes. A shoe with a high, broad toe box will provide enough
room in the forefoot area so that there is less friction against the toes.
Other conservative treatments include using forefoot products designed to relieve claw toes, such as toe crests and hammer toe
splints. These devices will help hold down the claw toe and provide relief to the forefoot. Gel toe shields and gel toe caps are also
recommended to eliminate friction between the shoe and the toe, while providing comfort and lubrication.
If the problem persists, consult your foot doctor.